Effect of interaction between leucine and acetate on the milk protein synthesis in bovine mammary epithelial cells.
Authors of this article are:
Zhao Y, Yan S, Chen L, Shi B, Guo X.
A summary of the article is shown below:
The interaction between Leucine (Leu) and acetate affecting milk protein synthesis in the bovine mammary epithelial cells (BMECs), and underlying the molecular mechanisms are not well understood. The objectives of this study were to investigate the effect of Leu, acetate, and their interaction on the expression of genes involved in milk protein synthesis, and JACK2/STAT5, mTOR and AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling pathway. The study was a 2 × 6 factorial arrangement with treatments: Leu concentration (0.45 and 1.8 mM) and acetate concentration (0, 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12 mM). The results showed that 1.8 mM Leu or 8-10 mM acetate had positive effect on ATP content, the expression of casein genes, JACK2/STAT5 and phosphorylation of mTOR pathway, but reduced AMPK phosphorylation. Leu at 1.8mM had a positive effect on the up-regulation of acetate on ATP content, the expression of CSN1S1, CSN2, CSN3, and JACK2, the expression and phosphorylation of eukaryotic initiation factor 4E, p70 ribosomal protein S6 kinase-1, and mTOR, but reducing AMPK phosphorylation. The results suggest that acetate, Leu, and their interaction have effect on milk protein synthesis through the JACK2/STAT5, mTOR, and AMPK pathway. Acetate addition up-regulated the effect of Leu on milk protein synthesis, and Leu facilitated the up-regulation of acetate on milk protein synthesis through these pathways.
Check out the article’s website on Pubmed for more information:
This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as:
Leucine;acetate;bovine mammary epithelial cell;interaction;milk protein