Fungal acetylome comparative analysis identifies an essential role of acetylation in human fungal pathogen virulence.

A new interesting article has been published in Commun Biol. 2019 May 1;2:154. doi: 10.1038/s42003-019-0419-1. eCollection 2019. and titled:

Fungal acetylome comparative analysis identifies an essential role of acetylation in human fungal pathogen virulence.

Authors of this article are:

Li Y, Li H, Sui M, Li M, Wang J, Meng Y, Sun T, Liang Q, Suo C, Gao X, Li C, Li Z, Du W, Zhang B, Sai S, Zhang Z, Ye J, Wang H, Yue S, Li J, Zhong M, Chen C0, Qi S, Lu L, Li D, Ding C.

A summary of the article is shown below:

Lysine acetylation is critical in regulating important biological processes in many organisms, yet little is known about acetylome evolution and its contribution to phenotypic diversity. Here, we compare the acetylomes of baker’s yeast and the three deadliest human fungal pathogens, Cryptococcus neoformans, Candida albicans, and Aspergillus fumigatus. Using mass spectrometry enriched for acetylated peptides together with public data from Saccharomyces cerevisiae, we show that fungal acetylomes are characterized by dramatic evolutionary dynamics and limited conservation in core biological processes. Notably, the levels of protein acetylation in pathogenic fungi correlate with their pathogenicity. Using gene knockouts and pathogenicity assays in mice, we identify deacetylases with critical roles in virulence and protein translation elongation. Finally, through mutational analysis of deactylation motifs we find evidence of positive selection at specific acetylation motifs in fungal pathogens. These results shed new light on the pathogenicity regulation mechanisms underlying the evolution of fungal acetylomes.

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This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as: Acetyltransferases; Coevolution; Fungal biology.