The New Role of Sirtuin1 in Human Osteoarthritis Chondrocytes by Regulating Autophagy.

A new interesting article has been published in Cartilage. 2019 May 9:1947603519847736. doi: 10.1177/1947603519847736. and titled:

The New Role of Sirtuin1 in Human Osteoarthritis Chondrocytes by Regulating Autophagy.

Authors of this article are:

Liao FX, Huang F, Ma WG, Qin KP, Xu PF, Wu YF, Wang H, Chang J, Yin ZS.

A summary of the article is shown below:

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the role of Sirtuin1 (Sirt1) in the regulation of autophagy for human osteoarthritis (OA) chondrocytes.DESIGN: All cartilage samples were collected from human donors, including young group, aged group, and OA group. Primary chondrocytes were isolated and cultured with Sirt1 activator or inhibitor. Sirt1 expression in cartilage tissue and chondrocytes was evaluated, and the deacetylation activity of Sirt1 was determined. The alteration of autophagy activity after upregulating or downregulating Sirt1 was detected. Chondrocytes were treated with autophagy activator and inhibitor, and then the protein level of Sirt1 was examined. The interactions between Sirt1 and autophagy-related proteins Atg7, microtubule associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3), and Beclin-1 were determined by using immunoprecipitation.RESULTS: The assay of articular cartilage revealed that the expression of Sirt1 might be age-related: highly expressed in of younger people, and respectively decreased in the elderly people and OA patients. In vitro study was also validated this result. Further study confirmed that higher levels of Sirt1 significantly increased autophagy in aged chondrocytes, while the lower expression of Sirt1 reduced autophagy in young chondrocytes. Of note, the high levels of Sirt1 reduced autophagy in OA chondrocytes. When the chondrocytes were treated with autophagy activator or inhibitor, we found the expression of Sirt1 was not affected. In addition, we found that Sirt1 could interact with Atg7.CONCLUSION: These results suggest that Sirt1 in human chondrocytes regulates autophagy by interacting with autophagy related Atg7, and Sirt1 may become a more important target in OA treatment.

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This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as: Atg7; autophagy; chondrocytes; osteoarthritis; sirtuin1.