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Prealbumin and lymphocyte-based prognostic score, a new tool for predicting long-term survival after curative resection of stage II/III gastric can…

A new interesting article has been published in Br J Nutr. 2018 Dec;120(12):1359-1369. doi: 10.1017/S0007114518002854. Epub 2018 Oct 29. and titled:

Prealbumin and lymphocyte-based prognostic score, a new tool for predicting long-term survival after curative resection of stage II/III gastric can…

Authors of this article are:

Shen Q, Liu W, Quan H, Pan S, Li S, Zhou T, Ouyang Y, Xiao H.

A summary of the article is shown below:

The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the prognostic significance of pre-treatment immunological and nutritional statuses in patients with locally advanced gastric cancer (GC), and to use the risk factors to develop a predictive score. A total of 731 patients who underwent gastrectomy for stage II/III GC from November 2010 to December 2015 were recruited into this retrospective study. On the basis of univariate and further multivariate Cox regression analyses, decreased pretreatment lymphocyte count (<1·5×109/litre) and prealbumin concentrations (<180 mg/l) were identified to be independently associated with poorer overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS). Low albumin concentrations (<33 g/l) were identified as an independent risk factor only for OS, but not for DFS. Thereafter, patients who had a decreased prealbumin concentration and lymphocyte count were given a combination of serum prealbumin concentration and lymphocyte count (Co-PaL) score of 2. Patients with only one or neither of these concentrations were given a Co-PaL score of 1 or 0, respectively. Both the OS and the DFS time were inversely related to the Co-PaL scores, and the differences among the three groups were all significant. In contrast, the prognosis did not differ significantly between patients with good nutrition and those with mild to moderate malnutrition according to the prognostic nutritional index. This study indicated that the simple scoring system could accurately predict the prognosis of patients who underwent gastrectomy for stage II/III GC. The score might be helpful in terms of clinical preoperative decision-making.
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This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as:

Co-PaL combination of serum prealbumin concentration and lymphocyte count; DFS disease-free survival; GC gastric cancer; HR hazard ratio; NLR neutrophil:lymphocyte ratio; OS overall survival; PNI prognostic nutritional index;Albumin;Gastric cancer;Lymphocytes;Prealbumin;Survival

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