Dasatinib: A Review in Pediatric Chronic Myeloid Leukemia.
Authors of this article are:
McCafferty EH, Dhillon S, Deeks ED.
A summary of the article is shown below:
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a rare hematopoietic stem cell disease that is typically characterized by the abnormal BCR-ABL1 fusion gene on the Philadelphia (Ph) chromosome in neoplastic cells. Dasatinib (Sprycel®) is an orally administered, small molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitor indicated for the treatment of certain hematological malignancies, including Ph-positive CML in the chronic phase (Ph+ CML-CP) in adult and pediatric patients. In open-label phase 1 and phase 2 clinical trials, dasatinib produced early and durable target responses (i.e. molecular, cytogenetic and/or hematologic) in pediatric patients with Ph+ CML-CP that was newly diagnosed or resistant/intolerant to imatinib, with some recipients of the drug also experiencing deep molecular responses. Dasatinib therapy in pediatric patients with Ph+ CML-CP was reported to have a similar safety profile to that observed in adults, except there were no occurrences of pleural effusion, pericardial effusion, pulmonary edema, or pulmonary hypertension adverse events. Although long-term outcomes remain to be determined, dasatinib expands the first- and second-line options available for the treatment of Ph+ CML-CP in pediatric patients.
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