Transcriptome from Pacific cod liver reveals types of apolipoproteins and expression analysis of AFP-IV, structural analogue with mammalian ApoA-I.
Authors of this article are:
Mao MG, Chen Y, Liu RT, Lü HQ, Gu J, Jiang ZQ, Jiang JL.
A summary of the article is shown below:
Apolipoproteins (Apos), transporting the lipids through the lymphatic and circulatory systems, are associated with kinds of diseases. Additionally, type IV antifreeze protein (AFP-IV) was related evolutionarily with apolipoproteins. However, the information of Apos in fish was limited. In this study, ApoA-I, ApoA-I-2, ApoA-IV, Apo E, ApoB-100-like and AFP-IV were sequenced from Pacific cod (Gadus macrocephalus) liver transcriptome using Illumina HiSeq 2000, and their 3-D models were constructed based on the most confidence templates ever reported in mammals. Interestingly, the model of G. macrocephalus AFP-IV, named GmAFPIV, is quite similar to the structure of ApoA-I. GmAFPIV includes 689 bases with a complete open reading frame encoding 125 amino acids. Sequence alignment of GmAFPIV showed 30% to 50% similarity with that of other species except Gadus sp. Expression levels of GmAFPIV were found in a decreasing manner in liver, intestine, gill, brain and gonad. Heterologously expression of the GmAFPIV protein was expressed in Escherichia coli and purified to immunize New Zealand rabbits. The survivors of E. coli in 60 μg/mL of GmAFPIV are more than that in the 30 μg/mL group after stored in -20 °C and -80 °C, indicating high concentration of GmAFPIV could protect E. coli avoiding the damage from ice crystal. The subcellular localization of GmAFPIV showed that the green fluorescence was mainly observed in the cytoplasm, indicating GmAFPIV play roles in the cytoplasm. It was concluded that GmAFPIV may function not only as an antifreeze protein but also as an apolipoprotein transporting lipids in fish.
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This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as:
ApoA-I homolog;Apolipoprotein;Gadus macrocephalus;Transcriptome;Type-IV antifreeze protein
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