Toxicity effects of a novel potent triple reuptake inhibitor, LPM570065, on the fertility and early embryonic development in Sprague-Dawley rats.
Authors of this article are:
Guo W, Gao Y, Jiang W, Li C, Lin F, Zhu H, Wang H, Ye L, Qi JG, Cen X, Tian J.
A summary of the article is shown below:
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) have developed as novel antidepressants and have been determined to possess higher efficacy and less adverse effects compared to other antidepressants. Our previous studies have showed that LPM570065, a new potent TRI, is relatively nontoxic in acute, subchronic toxicity and genotoxicity evaluations. In the current study, toxicity of LPM570065 was further evaluated on the fertility and early embryonic development in Sprague-Dawley rats. A total of 264 rats were treated with various concentrations of LPM570065 (30 mg/kg, 100 mg/kg, and 300 mg/kg) or used as control. Females rats were treated for two consecutive weeks, followed by mating via cohabitation up to the 7th gestation day (GD). The male rats were treated for four consecutive weeks, which were followed by first mating with treated female rats. Then, all males were treated up to the 9th week and followed by second mating with non-treated female rats, and were sacrificed. All surviving pregnant females were euthanized on GD 15. We evaluated the following parameters, namely, mortality, toxicity symptoms, body weight, amount of food consumed, sexual cycle, mating behavior, pregnancy, sperm production, gross necropsy, and weight of organs. Excessive salivation was observed post treatment in nearly all females and males in the 100 and 300 mg/kg LPM570065 treatment groups. Body weight gain was decreased in gravid rats treated with 300 mg/kg LPM570065 during GD 0-6 (P < 0.05). The application of 300 mg/kg of LPM57006 to male rats induced a decrease in implantation sites and lower fertility rates (P < 0.05). However, sperm concentration and count were higher in the LPM570065-treated groups (30 mg/kg, 100 mg/kg, and 300 mg/kg) compared to the controls. Moreover, duration of mating significantly decreased to 37.5% after nine weeks of LPM570065 treatment at a concentration of 300 mg/kg (P < 0.05). In conclusion, the no observable adverse effect level (NOAEL) was established at 100 mg/kg and 300 mg/kg for female and male rats, respectively. The NOAEL for fertility and early embryonic development was established at 300 mg/kg and 100 mg/kg for female and male rats, respectively.
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Early development;Estrus cycle;Fertility;LPM570065;Triple reuptake inhibitor (TRI)
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