Science News

In vivo promoter engineering in plants: Are we ready?

A new interesting article has been published in Plant Sci. 2018 Dec;277:132-138. doi: 10.1016/j.plantsci.2018.10.011. Epub 2018 Oct 16. Review and titled:

In vivo promoter engineering in plants: Are we ready?

Authors of this article are:

Pandiarajan R, Grover A.

A summary of the article is shown below:

Engineering plant promoter sequence for optimal expression of a gene has been a long standing goal for plant scientists. In recent times, Sequence Specific Nucleases (SSNs) like CRISPR/Cas9 are enabling researchers to achieve this goal, in vivo in the genome. It is well known that SSNs have met with unprecedented success in rapid transgene free crop improvement largely by targeting the coding sequence. Here, we discuss the strategies being employed by plant scientists in targeting SSNs to non-coding promoter regions/Cis Regulatory Elements (CRE). We collectively refer all such endeavors as in vivo promoter engineering (IPE). We further classify the IPE efforts into CRE addition, CRE deletion/disruption, promoter swap/insertion and targeted promoter polymorphism. Till date, IPE has proven useful in altering plant architecture in tomato, developing resistance against Xanthomonas sp in rice and citrus, and engineering drought tolerance in maize. However it is quite challenging to achieve predictable changes in gene expression using IPE at this point. In future years, data generated from high throughput techniques to investigate non coding genome may immensely augment the efforts in this direction. As IPE does not involve addition of the transgene for modifying crop traits, it will be relatively more conducive to public acceptance in crop improvement programs.

Check out the article’s website on Pubmed for more information:

This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as:

CRISPR/Cas9;Crop improvement;Genome editing;Promoter engineering


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