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ATRA reduces inflammation and improves alveolar epithelium regeneration in emphysematous rat lung.

A new interesting article has been published in Biomed Pharmacother. 2018 Dec;108:1435-1450. doi: 10.1016/j.biopha.2018.09.166. Epub 2018 Oct 6. and titled:

ATRA reduces inflammation and improves alveolar epithelium regeneration in emphysematous rat lung.

Authors of this article are:

Uniyal S, Dhasmana A, Tyagi A, Muyal JP.

A summary of the article is shown below:

INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary emphysema characterized by alveolar wall destruction is resultant of persistent chronic inflammation. All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) has been reported to reverse elastase-induced emphysema in rats. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms are so far unknown.OBJECTIVE: To investigate the therapeutic potential effect of ATRA via the amelioration of the ERK/JAK-STAT pathways in the lungs of emphysematous rats.METHODS: In silico analysis was done to find the binding efficiency of ATRA with receptor and ligands of ERK & JAK-STAT pathway. Emphysema was induced by porcine pancreatic elastase in Sprague-Dawley rats and ATRA was supplemented as therapy. Lungs were harvested for histopathological, genomics and proteomics analysis.RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: In silico docking, analysis confirms that ATRA interferes with the normal binding of ligands (TNF-α, IL6ST) and receptors (TNFR1, IL6) of ERK/JAK-STAT pathways respectively. ATRA restored the histology, proteases/antiproteases balance, levels of inflammatory markers, antioxidants, expression of candidate genes of ERK and JAK-STAT pathways in the therapy group.CONCLUSION: ATRA ameliorates ERK/JAK-STAT pathway in emphysema condition, resulting in alveolar epithelium regeneration. Hence, ATRA may prove to be a potential drug in the treatment of emphysema.Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

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This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as:

All-trans retinoic acid;Alveolar regeneration;ERK pathway;Emphysema;JAK-STAT pathway

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