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Identification of pathogenic genes and upstream regulators in allergic rhinitis.

A new interesting article has been published in Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2018 Dec;115:97-103. doi: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2018.09.005. Epub 2018 Sep 19. and titled:

Identification of pathogenic genes and upstream regulators in allergic rhinitis.

Authors of this article are:

Lei Y, Guo P, An J, Guo C, Lu F, Liu M.

A summary of the article is shown below:

BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is the main cause of irreversible blindness in older individuals. Our study aims to identify the key genes and upstream regulators in AR.METHODS: To screen pathogenic genes of AR, an integrated analysis was performed by using the microarray datasets in AR derived from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. The functional annotation and potential pathways of differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were further discovered by Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis. We constructed the AR-specific transcriptional regulatory network to find the crucial transcriptional factors (TFs) which target the DEGs in AR. Electronic validation was performed to verify the DEGs obtained by integrated analysis.RESULTS: From two GEO datasets obtained, we identified 793 DEGs (460 up-regulated and 333 down-regulated genes) between AR and normal control (NC). After GO and KEGG analysis, chronic inflammatory response and MAPK signaling pathway were significantly enriched pathways for DEGs. The expression of 6 genes (CLC, CST1, CRTAM, ILK, STAT1, and POSTN) was detected. The 6 genes in GEO: GSE51392 dataset played the same pattern with that in our integrated analysis.CONCLUSIONS: The dysregulation of 3 genes (CST1, CLC and STAT1) may be involved in the pathogenesis of AR. AP-1 was associated with AR by regulating CST1 and CLC. Our finding can contribute to developing new potential biomarkers, revealing the underlying pathogenesis, and further raising new therapeutic targets for AR.Copyright © 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Check out the article’s website on Pubmed for more information:

This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as:

Allergic rhinitis;Differentially expressed genes;Integrated analysis;Transcription factors


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