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Expression of Lactobacillus plantarum KW30 gcc genes correlates with the production of glycocin F in late log phase.

A new interesting article has been published in FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2018 Dec 1;365(23). doi: 10.1093/femsle/fny261. and titled:

Expression of Lactobacillus plantarum KW30 gcc genes correlates with the production of glycocin F in late log phase.

Authors of this article are:

Ahn S, Stepper J, Loo TS, Bisset SW, Patchett ML, Norris GE.

A summary of the article is shown below:

Antibacterial compounds known as bacteriocins are microbial inventions designed to reduce the competition for limited resources by inhibiting the growth of closely related bacteria. Glycocin F (GccF) is an unusually di-glycosylated bacteriocin produced in a lactic acid bacterium, Lactobacillus plantarum KW30 that has been shown to be resistant to extreme conditions. It is bacteriostatic rather than bactericidal, and all its post-translational modifications (a pair of nested disulfide bonds, and O-linked and S-linked N-acetylglucosamines) are required for full activity. Here, we examine a cluster of genes predicted to be responsible for GccF expression and maturation. The expression of eight genes, previously reported to make up the gcc operon, was profiled for their expression during cell culture. We found that all but one of the genes of the gcc cluster followed a pattern of expression that correlated with the stage of growth observed for the producer organism along with the increase in GccF secretion. We also found that most of the gcc genes are transcribed as a single unit. These data provide evidence that the gcc cluster genes gccABCDEF constitute a true operon for regulated GccF production, and explain the observed increase in GccF concentration that accompanies an increase in cell numbers.

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