Discrimination of Anti-drug Antibodies With Neutralizing Capacity in Infliximab- and Adalimumab-Treated Patients: Comparison of the Homogeneous Mob…
Authors of this article are:
Hock BD, McKenzie JL, Goddard L, Smith SM, McEntyre CJ, Keating PE.
A summary of the article is shown below:
BACKGROUND: The measurement of anti-drug antibody (ADA) levels in adalimumab (ADAL)-treated and infliximab (IFX)-treated patients is critical for guiding therapeutic strategies. The homogeneous mobility shift assay (HMSA) and affinity capture elution (ACE) assay provide effective, drug-tolerant formats for measuring total ADA levels. However, their ability to discriminate between ADA from samples with or without neutralizing capacity is unclear and therefore was analyzed in this study.METHODS: Sera from ADAL and IFX patients with low drug levels (<1 mcg/mL) were analyzed by ACE, HMSA, and bridging assay. Neutralizing capacity was determined by competitive ligand-binding assay.RESULTS: HMSA and ACE detected high ADA levels in all ADAL (19/42) and IFX (27/64) samples with neutralizing capacity. ADA was also detected in most of the samples without neutralizing capacity, but levels were significantly lower (P < 0.0001). Receiver operator characteristic curve analysis demonstrated that for both assays, ADA levels were a strong discriminatory marker of neutralizing ADA (area under the curve > 0.9, P < 0.0001). Using a signal >8× background as a cut-point, neutralizing ADA could be identified with high specificity (HMSA > 95%, ACE > 85%) and sensitivity (HMSA > 70%, ACE > 80%). The detection of multimeric drug-ADA complexes after HMSA was also a highly specific marker (specificity > 95%) of neutralizing ADA in both ADAL and IFX patients. Results using ACE and HMSA were highly correlated.CONCLUSIONS: Results obtained after HMSA and ACE analysis are strongly correlated, and in both assays, high ADA levels are a specific marker of neutralizing capacity. The detection of multimeric complexes by HMSA also selectively identifies sera with neutralizing capacity. These data support the use of these assays as quantitative rather than simple qualitative measures of ADA.
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