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A new mechanistic model for an O2-protected electron-bifurcating hydrogenase, Hnd from Desulfovibrio fructosovorans.

A new interesting article has been published in Biochim Biophys Acta Bioenerg. 2018 Dec;1859(12):1302-1312. doi: 10.1016/j.bbabio.2018.09.364. Epub 2018 Sep 18. and titled:

A new mechanistic model for an O2-protected electron-bifurcating hydrogenase, Hnd from Desulfovibrio fructosovorans.

Authors of this article are:

Kpebe A, Benvenuti M, Guendon C, Rebai A, Fernandez V, Le Laz S, Etienne E, Guigliarelli B, García-Molina G, de Lacey AL, Baffert C, Brugna M0.

A summary of the article is shown below:

The genome of the sulfate-reducing and anaerobic bacterium Desulfovibrio fructosovorans encodes different hydrogenases. Among them is Hnd, a tetrameric cytoplasmic [FeFe] hydrogenase that has previously been described as an NADP-specific enzyme (Malki et al., 1995). In this study, we purified and characterized a recombinant Strep-tagged form of Hnd and demonstrated that it is an electron-bifurcating enzyme. Flavin-based electron-bifurcation is a mechanism that couples an exergonic redox reaction to an endergonic one allowing energy conservation in anaerobic microorganisms. One of the three ferredoxins of the bacterium, that was named FdxB, was also purified and characterized. It contains a low-potential (Em = -450 mV) [4Fe4S] cluster. We found that Hnd was not able to reduce NADP+, and that it catalyzes the simultaneous reduction of FdxB and NAD+. Moreover, Hnd is the first electron-bifurcating hydrogenase that retains activity when purified aerobically due to formation of an inactive state of its catalytic site protecting against O2 damage (Hinact). Hnd is highly active with the artificial redox partner (methyl viologen) and can perform the electron-bifurcation reaction to oxidize H2 with a specific activity of 10 μmol of NADH/min/mg of enzyme. Surprisingly, the ratio between NADH and reduced FdxB varies over the reaction with a decreasing amount of FdxB reduced per NADH produced, indicating a more complex mechanism than previously described. We proposed a new mechanistic model in which the ferredoxin is recycled at the hydrogenase catalytic subunit.

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This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as:

Desulfovibrio;Electron bifurcation;Ferredoxin;Flavin;Hydrogenase

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