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The impact of GJA8 SNPs on susceptibility to age-related cataract.

A new interesting article has been published in Hum Genet. 2018 Dec;137(11-12):897-904. doi: 10.1007/s00439-018-1945-5. Epub 2018 Oct 22. and titled:

The impact of GJA8 SNPs on susceptibility to age-related cataract.

Authors of this article are:

Yu X, Ping X, Zhang X, Cui Y, Yang H, Tang X, Tang Y, Shentu X.

A summary of the article is shown below:

The gap junction protein alpha 8 (GJA8) gene has been widely studied in human congenital cataracts. However, little is known about its relationship with age-related cataract (ARC). In this study, three GJA8-tagged single nucleotide polymorphisms related to an increased ARC risk were identified: rs2132397 for general ARC under both dominant and additive models; rs7541950 for general ARC under both recessive and additive models; and rs6657114 for cortical cataract under the recessive model. To uncover the underlying mechanisms, this study also sought to explore whether GJA8 is involved in the autophagy process in human lens epithelial cells. The results showed that GJA8 may participate in autophagy to maintain the intracellular environment, which may be a novel mechanism for cataract formation induced by GJA8. In conclusion, this study identified the genetic susceptibility of GJA8 polymorphisms on ARC and provides new clues for fully understanding the pathological mechanism of GJA8 variants in affecting lens opacity.

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