Human Subacromial Bursal Cells Display Superior Engraftment Versus Bone Marrow Stromal Cells in Murine Tendon Repair.
Authors of this article are:
Dyrna F, Zakko P, Pauzenberger L, McCarthy MB, Mazzocca AD, Dyment NA.
A summary of the article is shown below:
BACKGROUND:: Bone marrow aspirate is a primary source for cell-based therapies with increasing value in the world of orthopaedic surgery, especially in revision cases of tendon and ligament repairs. However, cells within peritendinous structures, such as the paratenon and surrounding bursa, contribute to the native tendon-healing response and offer promising cell populations for cell-based repair strategies. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate the efficacy of cells derived from human subacromial bursa as compared with the current gold standard, bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs), for tendon repairs in an established in vivo immunodeficient murine patellar tendon defect model.HYPOTHESIS:: Subacromial bursal cells will show superior survival and engraftment into the host tissue as compared with BMSCs.STUDY DESIGN:: Controlled laboratory study.METHODS:: Human subacromial bursal and bone marrow aspirate were harvested from the same donor undergoing rotator cuff repair. Cells were transfected with a fluorescent lentiviral vector to permanently label the cells, encapsulated into fibrin gel, and implanted into bilateral full-length central-width patellar tendon defects of immunodeficient mice. Additional surgery was performed on control mice comparing fibrin without cells and natural healing. At the time of sacrifice, all limbs were scanned on a multiphoton microscope to monitor the engraftment of the human donor cells. Afterward, limbs were assigned to either immunohistochemical or biomechanical analysis.RESULTS:: As compared with BMSCs, implanted subacromial bursal cells displayed superior tissue engraftment and survival. The main healing response in this defect model was the creation of new healing tissue over the anterior surface of the defect space. The implantation of cells significantly increased the thickness of the anterior healing tissue as compared with control limbs that did not receive cells. Cell proliferation was also increased in limbs that received implanted cells, suggesting that the donor cells stimulated a more robust healing response. Finally, these changes in the healing response did not lead to significant changes in mechanical properties.CONCLUSION:: The subacromial bursa, while often removed during rotator cuff repair, may harbor a more suitable cell source for tendon repair than BMSCs, as bursal cells display superior engraftment and survival in tendon tissue. In addition, the subacromial bursa may be a more accessible cell source than bone marrow aspirate.CLINICAL RELEVANCE:: The subacromial bursa contains a cell population that responds to tendon injury and may provide a more optimal cell source for tendon repair and regeneration strategies. Therefore, cells could be harvested from this tissue in the future, as opposed to the current practice of bursectomy and debridement.
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This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as:
bone marrow stromal cells;long-term cell engraftment;subacromial bursa;tendon repair
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