Distinct Effects of (R)-Modafinil and its (R)- and (S)-Fluoro-Analogs on Mesolimbic Extracellular Dopamine Assessed by Voltammetry and Microdialysi…
Authors of this article are:
Keighron JD, Giancola JB, Shaffer RJ, DeMarco EM, Coggiano MA, Slack RD, Newman AH, Tanda G.
A summary of the article is shown below:
Psychostimulant use disorders remain an unabated public health concern worldwide, but no FDA approved medications are currently available for treatment. Modafinil (MOD), like cocaine is a dopamine reuptake inhibitor, and one of the few drugs evaluated in clinical trials that has shown promise for the treatment of cocaine or methamphetamine use disorders, in some patient sub-populations. Recent structure-activity relationship and preclinical studies on a series of MOD analogs have provided insight into modifications of its chemical structure that may lead to advancements in clinical efficacy. Here we have tested the effects of the clinically available (R)-enantiomer of MOD on extracellular dopamine levels in the nucleus accumbens shell, a mesolimbic dopaminergic projection field that plays significant roles in various aspects of psychostimulant use disorders, measured in vivo by fast-scan cyclic voltammetry and by microdialysis in Sprague-Dawley rats. We have compared these results with those obtained under identical experimental conditions, with two novel and enantiopure bis(F) analogs of MOD, JBG1-048 and JBG1-049. The results show that (R)-modafinil (R-MOD), JBG1-048, and JBG1-049, when administered intravenously with cumulative drug doses, will block the dopamine transporter and reduce the clearance rate of dopamine, increasing its extracellular levels. Differences among the compounds in their maximum stimulation of dopamine levels, and in their time course of effects were also observed. These data highlight mechanistic underpinnings of R-MOD and its bis(F) analogs as pharmacological tools to guide the discovery of novel medications to treat psychostimulant use disorders. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
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This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as:
addiction;cocaine use disorder;dopamine microdialysis;fast scan cyclic voltammetry;nucleus accumbens shell
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