Intra-articular administration of IκBα kinase inhibitor suppresses mouse knee osteoarthritis via downregulation of the NF-κB/HIF-2α axis.
Authors of this article are:
Murahashi Y, Yano F, Kobayashi H, Makii Y, Iba K, Yamashita T, Tanaka S, Saito T.
A summary of the article is shown below:
Activation of NF-κB signaling promotes osteoarthritis (OA) through the transcriptional induction of Hif-2α and catabolic enzymes. This study sought to examine whether inhibiting IκBα kinase (IKK) could suppress the development of surgically-induced OA of the knee in a mouse model. We employed BMS-345541 (4(2′-aminoethyl) amino-1, 8-dimethylimidazo (1,2-a) quinoxaline) as a selective inhibitor of the subunits of IKK. OA was created by resecting the medial collateral ligament and the medial meniscus in the knees of mice. The mice were then treated with an intra-articular injection of BMS-345541 (50 nM to 500 µM) or vehicle three times a week for 8 weeks. We found that the intra-articular administration of 500 nM and 5 µM BMS-345541 significantly suppressed OA development. In the BMS-345541-treated cartilage, there was a decrease in the phosphorylation of IκBα and the expression of Hif-2α, Mmp13, and Adamts5. In human articular chondrocytes, the IL-1β-enhanced expression of Hif-2α and catabolic factors were decreased by BMS-345541 treatment in dose-dependent manner. We conclude that the intra-articular administration of BMS-345541 at some concentrations may suppress the development of OA by downregulating signaling through the NF-κB-Hif-2α axis.
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