Influence of the metals and ligands in dinuclear complexes on phosphopeptide sequencing by electron-transfer dissociation tandem mass spectrometry.
Authors of this article are:
Asakawa D, Miyazato A, Rosu F, Gabelica V.
A summary of the article is shown below:
Phosphorylation is one of the most important protein modifications, and electron-transfer dissociation tandem mass spectrometry (ETD-MS/MS) is a potentially useful method for the sequencing of phosphopeptides, including determination of the phosphorylation site. Notably, ETD-MS/MS typically provides useful information when the precursor contains more than three positive charges. It is not yet used as an analysis method for large-scale phosphopeptide production due to difficulties occurring in the production of acidic phosphopeptides having more than three positive charges. To increase the charge state of phosphopeptides, we used dinuclear metal complexes, which selectively bind to the phosphate group in phosphopeptides with the addition of positive charge(s). Dinuclear copper, zinc, and gallium complexes were tested and it was found that the type of metal present in the complex strongly affected the affinity of the phosphorylated compounds and their ETD fragmentation. The dinuclear copper complex interacted weakly with the phosphate groups and ETD-induced peptide fragmentation was largely suppressed by the presence of Cu2+, which worked as an electron trap. The dinuclear gallium complex was strongly bound to a phosphate group. However, the ligand binding to gallium acted as an electron trap and the presence of dinuclear gallium complex in the precursor for ETD-MS/MS hampered the sequencing of the phosphopeptides, as in the case of dinuclear copper complexes. In contrast, dinuclear zinc complexes efficiently bind to phosphopeptides with an increase in the charge state, facilitating phosphopeptide sequencing by ETD-MS/MS. The fragmentation of the ligand and peptide backbone in the dinuclear zinc-phosphopeptide complex were competitively induced by ETD. These processes are influenced by the ligand structure and so the detailed ETD fragmentation pathways were investigated using density functional theory calculations.
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