A dose-escalation study of docetaxel, oxaliplatin, and S-1 (DOS) as a first-line therapy for patients with unresectable metastatic gastric cancer.
Authors of this article are:
Sato Y, Sagawa T, Ohnuma H, Hirakawa M, Takahashi Y, Hamaguchi K, Fujikawa K, Nobuoka T, Okamoto K, Miyamoto H, Muguruma N, Takemasa I, Takayama T.
A summary of the article is shown below:
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the recommended dose (RD) for a docetaxel/oxaliplatin/S-1 (DOS) regimen in patients with unresectable gastric cancer and to preliminarily evaluate its efficacy.METHODS: Previously untreated patients with histologically proven unresectable metastatic gastric cancer were enrolled (n = 16). Docetaxel and oxaliplatin were administered intravenously on day 8 and S-1 was administered orally twice a day on days 1-14. Each cycle was repeated every 3 weeks. Dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) were evaluated during the first treatment cycle. Three dose escalations of DOS were employed in this study: level 1 (50/100/80 mg/m2), level 2 (50/130/80 mg/m2), and level 3 (60/130/80 mg/m2).RESULTS: According to the 3 + 3 dose-escalating schedule, we determined that the RD and maximum tolerated dose for this regimen were level 1 and level 2, respectively. The DLTs were grade 3 diarrhea and febrile neutropenia. The overall response rate was 78% (7/9) for patients with measurable lesions and consisted of two complete responses and five partial responses. Five patients underwent conversion surgery. The median follow-up time was 19 months with median survival time and progression-free survival being 19.6 months and 7.6 months, respectively.CONCLUSIONS: The results from this study demonstrated the safety and tolerability of DOS in unresectable metastatic gastric cancer patients and revealed promising preliminary efficacy with a high conversion rate. A phase II trial of DOS regimen using the identified RD is ongoing.
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This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as:
Conversion therapy;Docetaxel;Gastric cancer;Oxaliplatin;Phase I;S-1
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