Modulation of early maize seedling performance via priming under sub-optimal temperatures.
Authors of this article are:
Hacisalihoglu G, Kantanka S, Miller N, Gustin JL, Settles AM.
A summary of the article is shown below:
Seeds planted in early spring frequently experience low temperature stress in the soil during germination and early plant growth. Seed pretreatments such as priming have been shown to ameliorate the negative effects of cold soil in some crops. However, the potential beneficial effects of priming have not been widely investigated for Zea mays (maize). To investigate seed priming effects, 24 diverse maize inbred lines were primed using a synthetic solid matrix, Micro-Cel E, and then exposed to 10°C soil conditions. Six DSLR cameras captured time lapsed images of emerging seedlings. Manual scoring was used to determine treatment effects on three seedling emergence metrics. Chilling substantially reduced total emergence for two of 24 genotypes evaluated. For these genotypes, priming provided protection allowing nearly full emergence. Priming significantly reduced mean emergence time and increased the emergence uniformity of chilling sensitive genotypes. The results suggest that the cold sensitive genotypes may benefit from priming pretreatment. Kernel density, weight, oil, protein, and starch traits, as determined by single-kernel near infrared spectroscopy, were not correlated with seedling emergence traits supporting a conclusion that early seedling performance cannot be determined from these maize kernel characteristics.
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