Science News

Kidney Function Reserve Capacity in Early and Later Stage Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease.

A new interesting article has been published in Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2018 Nov 7;13(11):1680-1692. doi: 10.2215/CJN.03650318. Epub 2018 Sep 25. and titled:

Kidney Function Reserve Capacity in Early and Later Stage Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease.

Authors of this article are:

Messchendorp AL, van Londen M, Taylor JM, de Borst MH, Navis G, Casteleijn NF, Gaillard CAJM, Bakker SJL, Gansevoort RT; DIPAK Consortium.

A summary of the article is shown below:

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: It is assumed that in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), kidney function remains in the normal range for several decades because of hyperfiltration of remnant nephrons. In this study, we investigate the extent to which patients with ADPKD hyperfilter.DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: In this cross-sectional study, we measured GFR as urinary clearance using continuous infusion of 125I-iothalamate. Kidney function reserve capacity was determined as increase in measured GFR after adding a dopamine infusion of 4.4-6 mg/h. Potential kidney donors were used as healthy controls and matched by age and sex to patients with ADPKD for comparisons across age groups and CKD stages. Hyperfiltration was defined by a loss of kidney function reserve capacity compared with healthy controls.RESULTS: A total of 300 participants were studied. In the youngest age group (18-29 years), measured GFR was not different between patients with ADPKD and healthy controls (103±21 versus 111±9 ml/min per 1.73 m2; P=0.14). In this age group kidney function reserve capacity was higher compared with healthy controls (11.1%±8.3% versus 5.3%±6.5%; P=0.04). Moreover, kidney function reserve capacity was similar to healthy controls in patients with ADPKD with early-stage disease (eGFR≥60 ml/min per 1.73 m2), either overall or when divided into fast or slow progressors according to their Mayo height-adjusted total kidney volume class. However, in patients with ADPKD, lower measured GFR was associated with lower kidney function reserve capacity (β=1.0 [95% confidence interval, 0.5 to 1.5] % per 10 ml/min per 1.73 m2; P<0.001). Kidney function reserve capacity was therefore lower compared with healthy controls at older age and later CKD stages.CONCLUSIONS: Patients with early-stage ADPKD, either classified as having rapidly or slowly progressive disease, are able to increase their GFR in response to dopamine. Hyperfiltration, defined by a loss of kidney function reserve capacity, may therefore not be an early phenomenon in ADPKD.Copyright © 2018 by the American Society of Nephrology.
Check out the article’s website on Pubmed for more information:

This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as:

ADPKD;Cross-Sectional Studies;Dopamine;EGFR protein, human;Iothalamic Acid;Nephrons;Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Dominant;Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor;Reference Values;Renal Insufficiency, Chronic;Tyrphostins;filtration fraction;glomerular filtration rate;hyperfiltration;kidney function reserve capacity;tyrphostin A23


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