Associations with Wellbeing and Medication Adherence in Young Adults Receiving Kidney Replacement Therapy.
Authors of this article are:
Hamilton AJ, Caskey FJ, Casula A, Inward CD, Ben-Shlomo Y.
A summary of the article is shown below:
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Young adults receiving kidney replacement therapy (KRT) have impaired quality of life and may exhibit low medication adherence. We tested the hypothesis that wellbeing and medication adherence are associated with psychosocial factors.DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We conducted a cross-sectional online survey for young adults on KRT. Additional clinical information was obtained from the UK Renal Registry. We compared outcomes by treatment modality using age- and sex-adjusted regression models, having applied survey weights to account for response bias by sex, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status. We used multivariable linear regression to examine psychosocial associations with scores on the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale and the eight-item Morisky Medication Adherence Scale.RESULTS: We recruited 976 young adults and 64% responded to the survey; 417 (71%) with transplants and 173 (29%) on dialysis. Wellbeing was positively associated with extraversion, openness, independence, and social support, and negatively associated with neuroticism, negative body image, stigma, psychologic morbidity, and dialysis. Higher medication adherence was associated with living with parents, conscientiousness, physician access satisfaction, patient activation, age, and male sex, and lower adherence was associated with comorbidity, dialysis, education, ethnicity, and psychologic morbidity.CONCLUSIONS: Wellbeing and medication adherence were both associated with psychologic morbidity in young adults. Dialysis treatment is associated with poorer wellbeing and medication adherence.Copyright © 2018 by the American Society of Nephrology.
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This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as:
Bias;Body Image;Comorbidity;Cross-Sectional Studies;Depression;Extraversion (Psychology);Linear Models;Medication Adherence;Neuroticism;Parents;Patient Participation;Patient Satisfaction;Personal Satisfaction;Physician-Patient Relations;Registries;Social Support;Surveys and Questionnaires;dialysis;kidney transplantation;quality of life;renal dialysis;risk factors
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