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Relationship between the rate of change in lamina cribrosa depth and the rate of retinal nerve fiber layer thinning following glaucoma surgery.

A new interesting article has been published in PLoS One. 2018 Nov 6;13(11):e0206040. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0206040. eCollection 2018. and titled:

Relationship between the rate of change in lamina cribrosa depth and the rate of retinal nerve fiber layer thinning following glaucoma surgery.

Authors of this article are:

Krzyżanowska-Berkowska P, Czajor K, Helemejko I, Iskander DR.

A summary of the article is shown below:

PURPOSE: To assess whether lamina cribrosa depth (LCD) reduction and the rate of change in LCD over time (ΔLCD/Δt) is associated with retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness and the rate of RNFL thinning over time (ΔRNFL/Δt) to test the hypothesis that, in a long term, RNFL thinning occurs irrespectively to the displacement of the lamina cribrosa following glaucoma surgery.METHODS: Twenty-nine primary open-angle glaucoma patients underwent glaucoma surgery. Sixteen patients underwent trabeculectomy and 13 patients undertook non-penetrating deep sclerectomy. Images of optic nerve head using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) with enhanced depth imaging technology were obtained preoperatively, at one-, three-, six-month and follow-up postoperative visit from 12 to 29 months after surgery (1pv, 3pv, 6pv, and FUpv, respectively). Correspondingly, measurements of the circumpapillary RNFL thickness were acquired.RESULTS: Intraocular pressure decreased from 24.0±8.9 to 10.9±3.9mmHg at 6pv (P<0.001) and to 12.7±4.4mmHg at FUpv (P<0.001). LCD was reduced from 465.3±136.4μm to 402.9±126.4μm at 1pv (P<0.001) and maintained similar position at 6pv (394.3±118.4μm; P = 0.170 with respect to 1pv). A significant decrease in the LCD was noted at FUpv (342.8±90.3μm, P<0.001) with respect to 6pv. RNFL thickness increased significantly to 64.9±19.8μm at 1pv (P = 0.005) and subsequently decreased to baseline level at 3pv. Further statistically significant decrease in RNFL thickness with respect to previous visit was found at 6pv and at FUpv (56.4±15.6μm and 55.0±14.0μm, P = 0.023 and P = 0.045, respectively). A thinner RNFL thickness at FUpv was not related to the LCD at FUpv (P = 0.129) but was correlated with ΔLCD/Δt at FUpv (P = 0.003). The ΔRNFL/Δt at FUpv was statistically significantly correlated with ΔLCD/Δt at FUpv (P<0.001).CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study that considers direct correlation between the rate of change in LCD with the rate of RNFL thinning over time. A thinner RNFL thickness following glaucoma surgery was associated with the rate of LCD reduction, not with position of the lamina cribrosa at the FUpv.
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