Trapped Aqueous Films Lubricate Highly Hydrophobic Surfaces.
Authors of this article are:
Rosenhek-Goldian I, Kampf N, Klein J.
A summary of the article is shown below:
Friction at hydrophobic surfaces in aqueous media is ubiquitous ( e.g., prosthetic implants, contact lenses, microfluidic devices, biological tissue) but is not well understood. Here, we measure directly, using a surface force balance, both normal stresses and sliding friction in an aqueous environment between a hydrophilic surface (single-crystal mica) and the stable, molecularly smooth, highly hydrophobic surface of a spin-cast fluoropolymer film. Normal force versus surface separation profiles indicate a high negative charge density at the water-immersed fluoropolymer surface, consistent with previous studies. Sliding of the compressed surfaces under water or in physiological-level salt solution (0.1 M NaCl) reveals strikingly low boundary friction (friction coefficient μ ≈ 0.003-0.009) up to contact pressures of at least 50 atm. This is attributed largely to hydrated counterions (protons and Na+ ions) trapped in thin interfacial films between the compressed, sliding surfaces. Our results reveal how frictional dissipation may occur at hydrophobic surfaces in water and how modification of such surfaces may suppress this dissipation.
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This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as:
aqueous thin films;hydration lubrication;hydrophobic hydration;hydrophobic lubrication;hydrophobic surfaces
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