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6-Benzhydryl-4-amino-quinolin-2-ones as Potent Cannabinoid Type 1 (CB1) Receptor Inverse Agonists and Chemical Modifications for Peripheral Selecti…

A new interesting article has been published in J Med Chem. 2018 Oct 19. doi: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.8b01467. [Epub ahead of print] and titled:

6-Benzhydryl-4-amino-quinolin-2-ones as Potent Cannabinoid Type 1 (CB1) Receptor Inverse Agonists and Chemical Modifications for Peripheral Selecti…

Authors of this article are:

Zhang Y, Greco M, Macielag MJ, Teleha CA, DesJarlais R, Tang Y, Ho G, Hou C, Chen C, Zhao S, Kauffman J, Camacho R, Qi J, Murray W, Demarest K, Leonard J.

A summary of the article is shown below:

A novel series of 6-benzhydryl-4-amino-quinolin-2-ones was discovered as cannabinoid type 1 receptor (CB1R) inverse agonists based on the high-throughput screening hit, compound 1a. Structure-activity relationships were studied to improve in vitro/in vivo pharmacology and restrict distribution to the peripheral circulation. We adopted several strategies such as increasing topological polar surface area, incorporating discrete polyethylene glycol side chains and targeting P-glycoprotein (P-gp) to minimize access to the brain. Compound 6a is a P-gp substrate and a potent and highly selective CB1R inverse agonist, demonstrating excellent in vivo metabolic stability and a low brain to plasma ratio. However, brain receptor occupancy studies showed that compound 6a may accumulate in brain with repeat dosing. This was evidenced by compound 6a inhibiting food intake and inducing weight loss in diet-induced obese mice. Thus, a strategy based on P-gp efflux may not be adequate for peripheral restriction of the disclosed quinolinone series.

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