Effects of Na+ and K+ Exchange in Interlayers on Biotite Dissolution under High Temperature and High CO2 Pressure Conditions.
Authors of this article are:
Min Y, Kim D, Jun YS.
A summary of the article is shown below:
Cations in formation brine can affect CO2-induced dissolution of minerals during geologic CO2 sequestration (GCS), affecting the GCS performance. This study investigated the dissolution of biotite with 0-4 M Na+ and 0-10 mM K+ under high temperature and high CO2 pressure (i.e., 95 oC and 100 bar CO2). At < 0.5 M Na+ concentration, Na+ replaced K+ in the biotite interlayer and enhanced the biotite dissolution. In > 0.5 M Na+, however, the enhancing effect of Na+ was mitigated by an inhibition caused by competing sorption between Na+ and protons. With 0.5 M Na+ concentration, co-existing K+ significantly inhibited the biotite dissolution, with high sensitivity at even lower K+ concentrations, such as 0.1-0.5 mM. In this study, we also reported the dissolution of Na-treated biotite, mimicking biotite naturally equilibrated with Na+-abundant brine. Na-treated biotite dissolved faster than natural K-containing biotite, and during the dissolution, it transformed to vermiculite. Aqueous Na+ inhibited the dissolution of Na-treated biotite by suppressing the release of interlayer Na+, and aqueous K+ inhibited the dissolution by replacing the interlayer Na+. These findings contribute to better understanding of biotite dissolution in the presence of potassium-containing clay swelling inhibitors and different salinities at GCS sites.
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