Rapid detection of multiple respiratory viruses based on microfluidic isothermal amplification and a real-time colorimetric method.
Authors of this article are:
Wang R, Zhao R, Li Y, Kong W, Guo X, Yang Y, Wu F, Liu W, Song H, Hao R.
A summary of the article is shown below:
Respiratory viruses are major threats causing development of acute respiratory tract infections, which are common causes of illness and death throughout the world. Here, an integrated microsystem based on real-time colorimetry was developed for diagnosing multiple respiratory viruses. The microsystem employed magnetic beads for nucleic acid extraction and an eight-channel microfluidic array chip integrated with a loop-mediated isothermal amplification system for point-of-care screening of respiratory viruses. The overall detection process (including sample collection, nucleic acid extraction, sample loading, real-time detection, and signal output) could be completed within 1 h. Our results show that the developed method could specifically recognize influenza A virus subtypes (H1N1, H3N2, H5N1, and H7N9), influenza B virus, and human adenoviruses. The results obtained with 109 clinical samples indicate that the developed method has high specificity (100%, confidence interval 94.9-100.0) and sensitivity (96%, confidence interval 78.1-99.9). The integration of magnetic bead-based pre-treatment techniques and microfluidic isothermal amplification provides an effective solution for rapidly detecting etiological agents of respiratory diseases. The strategy of using a closed chip system and real-time colorimetry reduced aerosol contamination and ensured the accuracy of the results. The developed method provides an effective alternative for rapid point-of-care screening for viruses that cause respiratory disease syndromes and further aids in accurate and timely detection to control and prevent the spread of respiratory diseases caused by such pathogens.
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