Protective role of jaboticaba Plinia peruviana peel extract in copper-induced cytotoxicity in Allium cepa.
Authors of this article are:
Franscescon F,, Mazon SC, Bertoncello KT,, Boligon AA, Sachett A, Rambo CL, Rosemberg DB,, Magro JD, Siebel AM.
A summary of the article is shown below:
Jaboticaba Plinia peruviana (Poir.) Govaerts is a Brazilian berry that presents high levels of polyphenols, which may play a key role in preventing cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of harmful agents. Although copper is an essential micronutrient that plays an important role in organisms, high copper concentrations may trigger toxicity to animals and plants. Here, we investigated whether Plinia peruviana hydroalcoholic extract prevents copper-induced cytotoxicity in Allium cepa root cells. Five different anthocyanins and phenolic compounds were identified in Plinia peruviana extract. Importantly, the exposure to 1.53 mg/L copper for 24 h impaired mitotic index, as well as increased mitosis disturbances and triggered DNA damage. Pre-incubation with Plinia peruviana extract (0.25 g/L and 0.75 g/L) for 3 h prevented copper-induced changes in the mitotic index and reduced the number of abnormal cells. In conclusion, we suggest that Plinia peruviana peel extract has protective effects against cellular and genetic disturbances induced by copper.
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This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as:
Anthocyanins;Copper toxicity;DNA damage;Mitotic index;Polyphenols;Protection
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