Predictors of Respiratory Improvement 1 Week after Ligation of Patent Ductus Arteriosus in Preterm Infants.
Authors of this article are:
Hsu KH, Wong P, Subramanyan RK, Evans J, Noori S.
A summary of the article is shown below:
OBJECTIVE: To characterize preterm infants that demonstrates respiratory improvement 7 days after ligation of a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA).STUDY DESIGN: We performed a 2-phase study of preterm infants (birthweight <1500 g between 2010 and 2016). We first did a retrospective analysis using regression modeling of ligation population. We then performed a case-control study comparing a ligation group with infants matched by gestational age, postnatal age, and preligation respiratory condition (ventilator mode, mean airway pressure [MAP], and fraction of inspired oxygen [FiO2]). Respiratory improvement was defined as either extubation, downgrading of ventilatory mode, reduction in MAP >25%, or decrease in FiO2 >25%.RESULTS: Forty-five (42%) of 107 preterm infants (gestational age 25.5 ± 1.7 weeks) with ligation showed respiratory improvement at 7 days. Infants on high frequency ventilation (HFV) were more likely to have respiratory improvement (aOR 5.03, 95% CI [1.14-22.18]). In matched-control analysis of 89 pairs, there was no difference in respiratory improvement. Among infants on HFV, the ligation group had an increase in MAP during 3 days prior to ligation. For infants on conventional ventilation, the ligation group had higher MAP and FiO2 than the control group during the first 2-3 postoperative days.CONCLUSIONS: Among infants undergoing PDA ligation, those on HFV were more likely to have respiratory improvement in the first week, possibly because of the prevention of further respiratory deterioration. For infants on conventional ventilation, ligation was associated with higher respiratory support in the immediate postligation period without respiratory benefits at 7 days. As HFV was used as a rescue mode, our findings suggest that those with worse lung disease may achieve greater short term benefit from PDA ligation.Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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high frequency ventilation;very low birth weight infants
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