Molecular Epidemiology and Drug Resistance Pattern of Carbapenem-Resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae Isolates from Iran.
Authors of this article are:
Jafari Z, Harati AA, Haeili M, Kardan-Yamchi J, Jafari S, Jabalameli F, Meysamie A, Abdollahi A, Feizabadi MM.
A summary of the article is shown below:
The emergence and dissemination of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) isolates and their involvement in several nosocomial outbreaks are of high concern. This study was conducted to investigate the genetic relatedness and molecular determinants of carbapenem resistance in 100 CRKP isolates. Susceptibility to carbapenems as well as other antibiotics was determined by using disk diffusion method. The Modified Hodge test was performed for detection of carbapenemase production. The minimum inhibitory concentrations of selected antibiotics were determined by broth microdilution method. The presence of blaOXA-48, blaKPC, blaNDM, and blaVIM carbapenemase genes was examined by PCR, and clonal relatedness of CRKP isolates was investigated by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) analysis. blaOXA-48 was the most frequent carbapenemase gene (72%), followed by blaNDM (31%). None of the isolates harbored blaKPC and blaVIM genes. PFGE separated the majority of isolates into 10 clusters, including the major clusters A and B, carrying blaOXA-48, and clusters C and D, carrying blaNDM, and 4 isolates had a unique PFGE pattern. An increased rate of colistin resistance (50%) was detected among the isolates. Tigecycline was found to be the most active agent against CRKP isolates. Our results revealed that high prevalence of blaOXA-48 and blaNDM carbapenamses and resistance to colistin are alarming threats, necessitating an immediate action to prevent the spread of carbapenem-colistin-resistant K. pneumoniae isolates in Iran.
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This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as:
Klebsiella pneumoniae;MHT;blaOXA-48;carbapenem resistance;colistin resistance
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