Electronic State Mixing Controls the Photoreactivity of a Rhodopsin with all- trans Chromophore Analogues.
Authors of this article are:
Manathunga M, Yang X, Olivucci M.
A summary of the article is shown below:
Rhodopsins hosting synthetic retinal protonated Schiff base analogues are important for developing tools for optogenetics and high-resolution imaging. The ideal spectroscopic properties of such analogues include long-wavelength absorption/emission and fast/hindered photoisomerization. While the former may be achieved, for instance, by elongating the chromophore π-system, the latter requires a detailed understanding of the substituent effects (i.e., steric or electronic) on the chromophore light-induced dynamics. In the present letter we compare the results of quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics excited-state trajectories of native and analogue-hosting microbial rhodopsins from the eubacterium Anabaena. The results uncover a relationship between the nature of the substituent on the analogue (i.e., electron-donating (a Me group) or electron-withdrawing (a CF3 group)) and rhodopsin excited-state lifetime. Most importantly, we show that electron-donating or -withdrawing substituents cause a decrease or an increase in the electronic mixing of the first two excited states which, in turn, controls the photoisomerization speed.
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