Spontaneous Hepatic Hemorrhage Caused by Emphysematous Cholecystitis: A Case Report and Literature Review.
Authors of this article are:
Yao Z, Zheng J, Si Y, Xu X, Li T.
A summary of the article is shown below:
BACKGROUND: Emphysematous cholecystitis and spontaneous hepatic hemorrhage are uncommon and serious conditions with non-specific presentations that can lead to a poor clinical outcome. We report a case of spontaneous hepatic hemorrhage of emphysematous cholecystitis. A 49-year-old male presented to the emergency department with fever, chills, right upper quadrant pain, vomiting, and diarrhea of four days’ duration. He had a history of diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and uarthritis. Computed tomography (CT) revealed an enlarged gallbladder with intra-luminal, intra-mural, and peri-cholecystic air; subcapsular high-density fluid collection; and an intra-hepatic mass with gas and liquid in the right lobe of the liver. After receiving prompt administration of appropriate antibiotic agents, drainage, and an alternative operation the patient recovered well.CONCLUSION: Emphysematous cholecystitis is potentially fatal because of its serious complications. It needs to be diagnosed promptly, not only based on the effervescent gallbladder sign but also on the inflammatory presentations. Furthermore, for patients with spontaneous hepatic hemorrhage, attention should be paid to the underlying cause. Treatment should be individualized to improve diagnosis and cure as early as possible, thereby improving prognosis.
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This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as:
drainage;emphysematous cholecystitis;hepatic hemorrhage;percutaneous;spontaneous
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