A 2D LC-MS/MS Strategy for Reliable Detection of 10-ppm Level Residual Host Cell Proteins in Therapeutic Antibodies.
Authors of this article are:
Yang F, Walker DE, Schoenfelder J, Carver J, Zhang A, Li D, Harris RJ, Stults J, Yu XC, Michels DA.
A summary of the article is shown below:
Methodologies employing LC-MS/MS have been increasingly used for characterization and identification of residual host cell proteins (HCPs) in biopharmaceutical products to ensure their consistent product quality and safety for patients. To improve the sensitivity and reliability for HCP detection, we developed a high pH-low pH two-dimensional reversed phase LC-MS/MS approach in conjunction with offline fraction concatenation. Proof-of -concept was established using a model in which seven proteins spanning a size range of 29-78 kDa are spiked into a purified antibody product to simulate the presence of low-level HCPs. By incorporating a tandem column configuration and a shallow gradient through the second-dimension, all seven proteins were consistently identified at 10 ppm with 100% success rate following LC-MS/MS analysis of six concatenated fractions across multiple analysts, column lots and injection loads. Using the more complex Universal Proteomic Standard 1 (UPS-1) as an HCP model, positive identification was consistently achieved for 19 of the 22 proteins in 8-12 ppm range (10 ppm ± 20%). For the first time, we demonstrate an effective LC-MS/MS strategy that not only has high sensitivity but also high reliability for HCP detection. The method performance has high impact on pharmaceutical company practices in using advanced LC-MS/MS technology to ensure product quality and patient safety.
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