In vitro large scale production of megakaryocytes to functional platelets from human hematopoietic stem cells.
Authors of this article are:
Kumar PS, Chandrasekhar C, Srikanth L, Sarma PVGK.
A summary of the article is shown below:
Megakaryocytopoiesis results in the formation of platelets, which are essential for hemostasis. Decreased production or increased destruction of platelets can cause thrombocytopenia, in which platelet transfusion is the mode of treatment. The present study is aimed in generation of megakaryocytes (MKs) and platelet from human hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). The purity of HSCs was assessed through Flow cytometry and immunocytochemistry (ICC) studies. These pure HSCs were induced with thrombopoietin (TPO), similarly with Andrographis paniculata extract (APE) for 21 days to generate MKs. The APE is mainly composed of andrographolide which stimulates TPO from the liver, and this binds to CD110 present on the surface of HSCs and triggers the proliferation of HSCs and initiate higher MKs population subsequently, a large number of platelets. The results of the present study showed increased proliferation of HSCs grown in the presence of APE and revealed a high population of CD41a and CD42b positive MKs as enumerated by Flow cytometry compared with TPO induced MKs. These results also concurred with qRT-PCR and western blot analysis. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) revealed the morphology of differentiated MKs and platelets were similar to human blood platelets. The differentiated MKs in APE exhibited polyploidy up to 32 N while TPO induced MKs showed polyploidy of 8 N, these results corroborated with colony forming unit assay. On thrombin stimulation, high expression of P-selectin (CD62p) and fibrinogen binding were detected in APE induced platelets. Autologous transplantation of platelets generated from APE may be a useful option in thrombocytopenia condition.
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This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as:
Andrographis paniculata extract (APE);CD41a;CD42b;HSCs;MKs;Platelets
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