Free-Sustaining Three-Dimensional S235 Steel-Based Porous Electrocatalyst for Highly Efficient and Durable Oxygen Evolution.
Authors of this article are:
Han W, Kuepper K, Hou P, Akram W, Eickmeier H, Hardege J, Steinhart M, Schäfer H.
A summary of the article is shown below:
A novel oxygen evolution reaction (OER) catalyst (3 D S235-P steel) based on a steel S235 substrate was successfully prepared by facile one-step surface modification. The standard carbon-manganese steel was phosphorized superficially, which led to the formation of a unique 3 D interconnected nanoporous surface with a high specific area that facilitated the electrocatalytically initiated oxygen evolution reaction. The prepared 3 D S235-P steel exhibited enhanced electrocatalytic OER activities in the alkaline regime, as confirmed by a low overpotential (326 mV at a 10 mA cm-2 ) and a small Tafel slope of 68.7 mV dec-1 . Moreover, the catalyst was found to be stable under long-term usage conditions, functioning as an oxygen-evolving electrode at pH 13, as evidenced by the sufficient charge-to-oxygen conversion rate (faradaic efficiency: 82.11 and 88.34 % at 10 and 5 mA cm-2 , respectively). In addition, it turned out that the chosen surface modification delivered steel S235 as an OER electrocatalyst that was stable under neutral pH conditions. Our investigation revealed that the high catalytic activities likely stemmed from the generated Fe/(Mn) hydroxide/oxohydroxides generated during the OER process. Phosphorization treatment therefore not only is an efficient way to optimize the electrocatalytic performance of standard carbon-manganese steel but also enables for the development of low-costing and abundant steels in the field of energy conversion.
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