Engineering Bacillus megaterium Strains To Secrete Cellulases for Synergistic Cellulose Degradation in a Microbial Community.
Authors of this article are:
Kalbarczyk KZ, Mazeau EJ, Rapp KM, Marchand N, Koffas MAG, Collins CH.
A summary of the article is shown below:
Recent environmental concerns have intensified the need to develop systems to degrade waste biomass for use as an inexpensive carbon source for microbial chemical production. Current approaches to biomass utilization rely on pretreatment processes that include expensive enzymatic purification steps for the requisite cellulases. We aimed to engineer a synthetic microbial community to synergistically degrade cellulose by compartmentalizing the system with multiple specialized Bacillus megaterium strains. EGI1, an endoglucanase, and Cel9AT, a multimodular cellulase, were targeted for secretion from B. megaterium. A small library of signal peptides (SPs) with five amino acid linkers was selected to tag each cellulase for secretion from B. megaterium. Cellulase activity against amorphous cellulose was confirmed through a series of bioassays, and the most active SP constructs were identified as EGI1 with the LipA SP and Cel9AT with the YngK SP. The activity of the optimized cellulase secretion strains was characterized individually and in tandem to assess synergistic cellulolytic activity. The combination of EGI1 and Cel9AT yielded higher activity than either single cellulase. A coculture of EGI1 and Cel9AT secreting B. megaterium strains demonstrated synergistic behavior with higher activity than either monoculture. This cellulose degradation module can be further integrated with bioproduct synthesis modules to build complex systems for the production of high value molecules.
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This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as:
Bacillus megaterium;cellulose degradation;microbial communities;protein secretion;signal peptides;synthetic biology
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