Early Class III treatment with Hybrid-Hyrax – Facemask in comparison to Hybrid-Hyrax-Mentoplate – skeletal and dental outcomes.
Authors of this article are:
Willmann JH, Nienkemper M, Tarraf NE, Wilmes B, Drescher D.
A summary of the article is shown below:
BACKGROUND: Protraction of maxilla is usually the preferred and more commonly used treatment approach for skeletal Class III with a retrognathic maxilla. The aim of this study was the comparison of the skeletal and dental effects of two skeletally borne appliances for maxillary protraction: a) Hybrid-Hyrax in combination with facemask (FM), b) Hybrid-Hyrax in combination with Mentoplate (ME).METHODS: Thirty four Patients (17 facemask, 17 Mentoplate) were investigated by means of pre- and posttreatment cephalograms. The two groups matched with regard to treatment time, age gender and type of dentoskeletal deformity before treatment.RESULTS: Both groups showed a significant forward movement of A-point (FM GROUP: SNA + 2.23° ± 1.30°- p 0.000*; ME: 2.23° ± 1.43°- p 0.000*). B-Point showed a larger sagittal change in the FM Group (SNB 1.51° ± 1.1°- p 0.000*) compared to the ME group (SNB: - 0.30° ± 0.9°- p 0.070). The FM group showed a significant increase of the ML-NL + 1.86° ± 1.65° (p 0.000*) and NSL-ML + 1.17° ± 1.48 (p 0.006*). Upper Incisor inclination did not change significantly during treatment in both groups as well as the distance of the first upper Molar in relation to A-point.CONCLUSION: Both treatments achieve comparable rates of maxillary protraction, without dentoalveolar side effects. Skeletal anchorage with symphysial plates in the mandible provides greater vertical control and might be the treatment of choice in high angle patients.
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This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as:
Class III;Facemask;Mini-plates;Rapid maxillary expansion;Skeletal anchorage
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