Strategies to Obtain Encapsulation and Controlled Release of Pentamidine in Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles.
Authors of this article are:
Peretti E, Miletto I, Stella B, Rocco F, Berlier G, Arpicco S.
A summary of the article is shown below:
Pentamidine (PTM), an antiprotozoal agent used in clinics as pentamidine isethionate salt (PTM-S), recently showed high potential also for the treatment of cancer and myotonic dystrophy type I. However, a severe limit to the systemic administration of PTM is represented by its nephrotoxicity, leading to the need for a system able to achieve a controlled release of the drug. In this study, mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) were employed for the first time to encapsulate PTM. PTM-S was first used for loading experiments into bare (MSN-OH) and aminopropyl, cyanopropyl and carboxypropyl-functionalized MSNs (MSN-NH₂, MSN-CN and MSN-COOH respectively) but it was not adequately loaded in any MSNs. The free base of PTM (PTM-B) was then obtained from PTM-S and successfully loaded into MSNs. Specifically, MSN-COOH exhibited the highest loading capacity. In vitro evaluation of PTM-B kinetic release from the different MSNs was carried out. An influence of the functional groups in slowing the release of the drug, when compared to bare MSNs was observed. Altogether, these results demonstrate that MSN-COOH could be a promising system to achieve a controlled release of PTM.
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This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as:
MSN;controlled release;drug delivery systems;encapsulation;functionalization;pentamidine
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