Enhanced Multiple Exciton Generation in PbS|CdS Janus-like Heterostructured Nanocrystals.
Authors of this article are:
Kroupa DM, Pach GF, Vörös M, Giberti F, Chernomordik BD, Crisp RW, Nozik AJ, Johnson JC, Singh R, Klimov VI, Galli G,, Beard MC.
A summary of the article is shown below:
Generating multiple excitons by a single high-energy photon is a promising third-generation solar energy conversion strategy. We demonstrate that multiple exciton generation (MEG) in PbS|CdS Janus-like heteronanostructures is enhanced over that of single-component and core/shell nanocrystal architectures, with an onset close to two times the PbS band gap. We attribute the enhanced MEG to the asymmetric nature of the heteronanostructure that results in an increase in the effective Coulomb interaction that drives MEG and a reduction of the competing hot exciton cooling rate. Slowed cooling occurs through effective trapping of hot-holes by a manifold of valence band interfacial states having both PbS and CdS character, as evidenced by photoluminescence studies and ab initio calculations. Using transient photocurrent spectroscopy, we find that the MEG characteristics of the individual nanostructures are maintained in conductive arrays and demonstrate that these quasi-spherical PbS|CdS nanocrystals can be incorporated as the main absorber layer in functional solid-state solar cell architectures. Finally, based upon our analysis, we provide design rules for the next generation of engineered nanocrystals to further improve the MEG characteristics.
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This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as:
carrier multiplication;multiple excition generation;nanocrystal;quantum dot;solar cell;transient absorption spectroscopy
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