Seasonal variations of changes in lipid and glucidic variables after bariatric surgery.
Authors of this article are:
Cambras T, Pardina E, Carmona J, Ricart-Jané D, Miñarro A, Ferrer R, Lecube A, Balibrea JM, Caubet E, González O, Vilallonga R, Fort JM, Cuello E, Baena-Fustegueras JA, Díez-Noguera A, Peinado-Onsurbe J.
A summary of the article is shown below:
Seasonality is a phenomenon that is characterized by changes over the year in sleep, mood, behaviour, appetite and body weight. In humans, seasonal variations have been found in certain variables, such as lipid variables and body mass index. We hypothesize that this rhythm could influence the expected variation of the levels of biochemical variables in cases of body weight loss. Thus, the goal of this study was to observe whether the time of year in which bariatric surgery (BS) took place modulated the changes in several variables related to glucidic and lipid metabolism. Blood samples were obtained from 24 women and 10 men before BS and 1 and 3 months after BS. We calculated the percentage of variation that occurred for each individual and for each variable as a function of the time of the year. Data were adjusted to a 12-month period sinusoidal curve, with significance being set at p < 0.05. The results showed that almost all of the studied variables changed due to the BS according to a seasonal rhythm. Most of the variables showed a decrease that was most prominent in winter. In the cases of body mass index (BMI), adrenocorticotropin hormone (ACTH), and cortisol, the highest variation occurred in winter. Insulin and cholesterol in high-density lipoproteins (cHLD) variations were higher in springtime. Glucose variation showed a decrease after surgery with acrophase in summer-fall and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) and homeostatic model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) in spring-summer. Ghrelin levels showed increases with a rhythm of variation with an acrophase in summer-fall. The seasonal rhythm found in this study fits nearly with the inverse of the endogenous circannual rhythm of the variables studied. The time of the year when the highest variation takes place is related to the circannual rhythm of the variable. The results agree with the manifestation of seasonal rhythm in human biochemical variables, which are reflected in the responses to weight loss after BS.
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