Methods for the determination of levoglucosan and other sugar anhydrides as biomass burning tracers in environmental samples – Review.
Authors of this article are:
Janoszka K, Czaplicka M.
A summary of the article is shown below:
Nowadays, there is a great pressure on finding an alternative source of energy. One of such sources is biomass combustion. Biomass is any organic matter such as: wood, crops, seaweed and animal wastes which during combustion emits energy but also smoke and solid residue. Biomass burning tracers, such as levoglucosan, mannosan and galactosan, are sugar anhydrides which are produced during burning of biomass containing cellulose and hemicellulose. Analysis of environmental samples for tracers is the source of information about the type of biofuel burned. In this article, a literature review of preparation and determination of biomass burning tracers for environmental samples was presented. The review discusses the preparation of different samples (particulate matter, soils, sediments, biological samples), extraction, derivatization and determination. Amongst determination methods the most popular was gas chromatography with mass spectrometry but other techniques were also used, such as: high performance liquid chromatography with aerosol charge detection, capillary electrophoresis with pulsed amperometric detection and ion chromatography with pulsed amperometric detection. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
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biomass burning;levoglucosan;sugar anhydrides;tracers
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