Identifying signals of potentially harmful medications in pregnancy: use of the double false discovery rate method to adjust for multiple testing.
Authors of this article are:
Cavadino A, Prieto-Merino D, Morris JK.
A summary of the article is shown below:
AIMS: Surveillance of medication use in pregnancy is essential in order to identify associations between first trimester medications and congenital anomalies (CAs). Medications in the same Anatomical Chemical Therapeutic classes may have similar effects. We aimed to use this information to improve the detection of potential teratogens in CA surveillance data.METHODS: Data on 15,058 malformed foetuses with first trimester medication exposures from 1995-2011 were available from EUROmediCAT, a network of European CA registries. For each medication-CA combination, the proportion of the CA in foetuses with the medication was compared to the proportion of the CA in all other foetuses in the dataset. The Australian classification system was used to identify “high risk” medications in order to compare two methods of controlling the false discovery rate (FDR): a “single” FDR applied across all combinations, and a “double” FDR incorporating groupings of medications.RESULTS: There were 28,765 potential combinations (523 medications x 55 CAs) for analysis. An FDR cut-off of 50% resulted in a reasonable effective workload, for which single FDR gave rise to 8 medication signals (3 “high risk” medications) and double FDR 50% identified 16 signals (6 “high risk”). Over a range of FDR cut-offs, double FDR identified more “high risk” medications as signals, for comparable effective workloads.CONCLUSIONS: The double FDR method appears to improve the detection of potential teratogens in comparison to the single FDR, while maintaining a low risk of false positives. Use of double FDR is recommended in routine signal detection analyses of CA data.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
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This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as:
Congenital anomalies;medication safety;methodology;pharmacoepidemiology;pharmacovigilance;pregnancy
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