Effects of Serial Phlebotomy on Vascular Endothelial Function: Results of a Prospective Double-Blind Randomized Study.
Authors of this article are:
Jelani QU, Harchandani B, Cable RG, Guo Y, Zhong H, Hilbert T, Newman JD, Katz SD.
A summary of the article is shown below:
INTRODUCTION: Blood donation has been proposed as a potential therapy to reduce risk of cardiovascular disease, but the effects of phlebotomy on vascular function in human subjects have not been well characterized.AIMS: We conducted a prospective randomized double-blind study to determine the effects of serial phlebotomy on vascular endothelial function in the brachial artery. 84 iron-replete, non-anemic subjects were randomly assigned to one of three study treatment groups: 1) four serial phlebotomy procedures each followed by intravenous infusion of placebo normal saline; 2) four serial phlebotomy procedures each followed by intravenous infusion to replete lost iron; and 3) four serial sham phlebotomy procedures each followed by intravenous infusion of placebo normal saline. Assigned phlebotomy procedures were conducted at 56-day intervals. We measured brachial artery reactivity (BAR, %) in response to transient oxidative stress induced by oral methionine with high-resolution duplex ultrasound imaging before and one week after the fourth study phlebotomy.RESULTS: Before phlebotomy, oral methionine decreased BAR by -2.04% (95% CI -2.58, -1.50%), p<0.001) with no significant difference between groups (p=0.42). After phlebotomy, the BAR response to oral methionine did not significantly change between groups (p=0.53). Brachial artery nitroglycerin-mediated dilation did not change in response to phlebotomy.CONCLUSIONS: Four serial phlebotomy procedures over six months with or without intravenous iron supplementation did not alter vascular endothelial function in the brachial artery when compared with sham phlebotomy. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
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This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as:
Vascular biology;endothelial function;iron therapy;physiology
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