Young bone marrow Sca-1 cells protect aged retina from ischaemia-reperfusion injury through activation of FGF2.
Authors of this article are:
Shao Z Wu J Du G Song H Li SH He S Li J Wu J Weisel RD Yuan H Li RK.
A summary of the article is shown below:
Retinal ganglion cell apoptosis and optic nerve degeneration are prevalent in aged patients, which may be related to the decrease in bone marrow (BM) stem cell number/function because of the possible cross-talk between the two organs. This pathological process is accelerated by retinal ischaemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. This study investigated whether young BM stem cells can regenerate and repair the aged retina after acute I/R injury. Young BM stem cell antigen 1 positive (Sca-1+ ) or Sca-1- cells were transplanted into lethally irradiated aged recipient mice to generate Sca-1+ and Sca-1- chimaeras, respectively. The animals were housed for 3 months to allow the young Sca-1 cells to repopulate in the BM of aged mice. Retinal I/R was then induced by elevation of intraocular pressure. Better preservation of visual function was found in Sca-1+ than Sca-1- chimaeras 7 days after injury. More Sca-1+ cells homed to the retina than Sca-1- cells and more cells differentiated into glial and microglial cells in the Sca-1+ chimaeras. After injury, Sca-1+ cells in the retina reduced host cellular apoptosis, which was associated with higher expression of fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) in the Sca-1+ chimaeras. Young Sca-1+ cells repopulated the stem cells in the aged retina and diminished cellular apoptosis after acute I/R injury through FGF2 and Akt signalling pathways.
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This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as: aging;retinal ischaemia-reperfusion;retinal regeneration;stem cell homing.
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