[Vascular surgical aspects in abdominal surgery : Results from a tertiary care center over a 10-year time period].
Authors of this article are:
Scholtz V Meyer F Schulz HU Albrecht R Halloul Z.
A summary of the article is shown below:
AIM: To investigate the perioperative management and outcome of patients undergoing abdominal surgery with additional vascular (comorbid) alterations for internal quality assurance of the clinical results.METHODS: Over a defined study period all consecutive cases of the aforementioned profile were documented and retrospectively analyzed as part of an ongoing prospective monocentric observational study to reflect the daily surgical practice.RESULTS: Over 10 years (from January 1999 to December 2008), a total of 113 cases were registered. Pancreas resection including vascular reconstruction showed the highest percentage (30.1%). Within the target patient groups, similar outcome data were found compared with international reports. An exception was in the case of mesenteric ischemia, where open surgery was more frequently used in comparison to the study situation (included together were patients treated by surgery and interventions). The majority of vascular alterations during the postoperative course and iatrogenic lesions occurred following pancreas resection. In the therapeutic profile there are two particularly important measures, namely open surgery on one hand and image-guided radiology as well as endoscopy on the other hand. The majority of patients with a rare visceral artery aneurysm (considerable potential for rupture or erosion) were more frequently treated with image-guided interventional radiology versus open surgery. This conforms to the current well-established sequential patient (individual), results, and, in particular, risk-adapted staged treatment approach.CONCLUSION: Additional vascular surgical treatment of problematic situations during abdominal surgery or in emergency cases is not daily routine; however, it is a challenging field including a considerable potential for complications (morbidity) and definitely mortality. This requires an experienced surgeon with high expertise, if possible in a center for vascular medicine.
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This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as: Acute and chronic mesenteric ischemia;Spontaneous intra-abdominal bleeding;Traumatic and iatrogenic vascular lesions;Tumor-associated vascular infiltration in pancreatic cancer;Visceral artery aneurysm.
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