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Population-based trends in the prenatal diagnosis of sex chromosome aneuploidy before and after non-invasive prenatal testing.

A new interesting article has been published in Prenat Diagn. 2018 Sep 25. doi: 10.1002/pd.5363. and titled:

Population-based trends in the prenatal diagnosis of sex chromosome aneuploidy before and after non-invasive prenatal testing.

Authors of this article are:
Howard-Bath A Poulton A Halliday J Hui L.

A summary of the article is shown below:
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) on trends in the prenatal diagnosis of sex chromosome aneuploidy (SCA) in a population with >73,000 annual births.METHOD: Retrospective population-based cohort study from 1986-2016 of all women undergoing prenatal diagnosis before 25 weeks gestation in the Australian state of Victoria. Statistical significance was tested using the chi-square test for trend or proportions.RESULTS: There were 2,043,345 births and 842 SCA diagnoses from 1986-2016. The percentage of prenatal diagnostic tests leading to a SCA diagnosis increased significantly from 0.95% in 2010 to 2.93% in 2016 (p <0.001) but due to a concurrent decline in testing, the annual prenatal diagnosis rate of SCA remained stable at 4.4/10,000 births. Among confirmed fetal SCAs the most common indication for testing in 1986 was advanced maternal age (63%); in 2016 it was high risk NIPT (49%).CONCLUSION: SCAs now make up an increasing proportion of prenatal diagnostic results but due to the overall decline in diagnostic testing, the prenatal prevalence as a percentage of births remained steady. The ascertainment of fetal SCA has evolved from an incidental finding after testing for increased risk of trisomy 21, to a diagnosis obtained after suspected SCA on NIPT.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
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