Pilot, Randomized, Blinded, Placebo-Controlled Trial Investigating the Correlation Between Acid Control and Heartburn Relief with 14 Days of Esomep…
Authors of this article are:
Miner PB Johnson DA Katz PO Li J Gatoulis SC Pollack C.
A summary of the article is shown below:
INTRODUCTION: Reflux symptoms are frequently associated with esophageal acid exposure. However, other potential causes unrelated to acid secretion are possible, and the relationship between acid control and symptomatic improvement remains unclear. This study investigated the correlation between individual intragastric pH control and heartburn relief among subjects with frequent heartburn who are likely to self-treat with over-the-counter (OTC) medications. We hypothesized that improved acid control would provide greater symptomatic improvement among individuals representative of an OTC population.METHODS: This phase 4, single-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was conducted in subjects without diagnosed gastroesophageal reflux disease or other gastrointestinal conditions who were experiencing frequent heartburn (≥ 3 episodes/week; ≥ 2 nighttime episodes/week over past 30 days) that was responsive to treatment. Subjects entered a 7-day run-in phase, received placebo BID (before breakfast and dinner), and completed symptom diaries. During the treatment phase, subjects received esomeprazole 20 mg BID, esomeprazole 20 mg then placebo, or placebo BID. Subjects underwent 24-h intragastric pH monitoring at baseline and day 14 and completed daily symptom diaries.RESULTS: In the per-protocol population (n = 39), mean (SD) change from baseline in percentage of time with intragastric pH > 4 was 58.7% (± 26.4%) versus 41.0% (± 30.4%) for those who did and did not achieve 24-h heartburn relief. Significant correlations were observed between change in percentage of time with intragastric pH > 4 and 24-h heartburn relief (OR 1.028; 95% CI 1.001, 1.055; P = 0.0442) and complete resolution (OR 1.034; 95% CI 1.003, 1.065; P = 0.0301).CONCLUSIONS: Individuals with greater improvements in duration of intragastric acid suppression had an increased likelihood of achieving heartburn relief and resolution. These results indicate that individuals not adequately controlling their intragastric pH may require an escalation in dose of their acid-suppressive therapy, assessment with 24-h pH monitoring, or a change in treatment regimen to address non-reflux-related etiologies of their heartburn.TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02708355.FUNDING: Pfizer Consumer Healthcare, Madison, NJ, USA. Plain language summary available for this article.
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This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as: Esomeprazole;Frequent heartburn;Gastroenterology;Intragastric pH.
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