[Mimetics of systemic sclerosis].
Authors of this article are:
Jendrek ST Kahle B Riemekasten G.
A summary of the article is shown below:
BACKGROUND: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is characterized by heterogeneous clinical symptoms. Peripheral skin fibrosis can be a common symptom. Nevertheless, a variety of diseases with different etiologies are associated with a thickening of the skin and make the initial diagnosis of systemic sclerosis more difficult.OBJECTIVE: The different disease entities that can lead to dermal fibrosis should be differentiated. An earlier diagnosis of SSc would therefore be facilitated.METHODS: A literature search was carried out for clinical pictures that can be associated with skin fibrosis. The clinical picture, the etiology and the treatment of the individual diseases are described.RESULTS: Diseases that can mimic the cutaneous symptoms of SSc include morphea, scleroderma, diabetic cheirarthritis, scleromyxedema, nephrogenic systemic fibrosis and eosinophilic fasciitis. The characteristic pronounced skin involvement, an accompanying Raynaud’s phenomenon, capillary microscopy, histopathology and antinuclear antibodies help to enable a differentiation of SSc from its mimics.CONCLUSION: An early differential diagnostic distinction between SSc and other sclerosing diseases is important due to SSc-associated and potentially life-threatening systemic organ involvement. If a diagnosis of SSc has been made, a critical and organ-specific evaluation with respect to pulmonary, gastrointestinal, renal and cardiac involvement is mandatory and should be repeated at regular intervals.
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This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as: Morphea;Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis;Scleroderma;Scleromyxedema;Skin fibrosis.
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