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Kinetic mechanism of coupled binding in sodium-aspartate symporter GltPh.

A new interesting article has been published in Elife. 2018 Sep 26;7. pii: e37291. doi: 10.7554/eLife.37291. Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov’t, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov’t and titled:

Kinetic mechanism of coupled binding in sodium-aspartate symporter GltPh.

Authors of this article are:
Oh S Boudker O.

A summary of the article is shown below:
Many secondary active membrane transporters pump substrates against concentration gradients by coupling their uptake to symport of sodium ions. Symport requires the substrate and ions to be always transported together. Cooperative binding of the solutes is a key mechanism contributing to coupled transport in the sodium and aspartate symporter from Pyrococcus horikoshii GltPh. Here, we describe the kinetic mechanism of coupled binding for GltPh in the inward facing state. The first of the three coupled sodium ions, binds weakly and slowly, enabling the protein to accept the rest of the ions and the substrate. The last ion binds tightly, but is in rapid equilibrium with solution. Its release is required for the complex disassembly. Thus, the first ion serves to ‘open the door’ for the substrate, the last ion ‘locks the door’ once the substrate is in, and one ion contributes to both events.

Check out the article’s website on Pubmed for more information:

This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as: E. coli;binding kinetics;glutamate transporters;ion-coupled membrane transporters;molecular biophysics;structural biology.

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