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Is neoadjuvant chemotherapy appropriate for patients with resectable liver metastases from colorectal cancer?

A new interesting article has been published in Surg Today. 2018 Sep 25. doi: 10.1007/s00595-018-1716-x. and titled:

Is neoadjuvant chemotherapy appropriate for patients with resectable liver metastases from colorectal cancer?

Authors of this article are:
Hirokawa F Asakuma M Komeda K Shimizu T Inoue Y Kagota S Tomioka A Uchiyama K.

A summary of the article is shown below:
PURPOSE: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) for resectable liver metastasis from colorectal cancer (CRLM) is used widely, but its efficacy lacks clear evidence. This study aimed to clarify its worth and develop appropriate treatment strategies for CRLM.METHODS: We analyzed, retrospectively, the clinicopathological factors and outcomes of 137 patients treated for resectable CRLM between 2006 and 2015, with upfront surgery (NAC- group; n = 117) or initial NAC treatment (NAC+ group; n = 20).RESULTS: The time to surgical failure (TSF) and overall survival (OS) after initial treatment were significantly worse in the NAC+ group than in the NAC- group (P = 0.002 and P = 0.032, respectively). At hepatectomy, the NAC+ group had a lower median prognostic nutrition index (PNI), higher rates of a positive Glasgow Prognostic Score (P = 0.002) and more perioperative blood transfusions (P = 0.027) than the NAC- group. Moreover, the serum albumin (P = 0.006), PNI (P ≤ 0.001) and lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (P ≤ 0.001) were significantly decreased and the GPS positive rate was increased from 15 to 35% in the NAC+ group. The OS rates did not differ significantly according to the NAC response (5-year OS rates-CR/PR 67%, SD 60%, PD 38%).CONCLUSIONS: Patients with resectable CRLM should undergo upfront hepatectomy because NAC did not improve OS after initial treatment in these patients.

Check out the article’s website on Pubmed for more information:



This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as: Glasgow Prognostic Score;Neoadjuvant chemotherapy;Resectable liver metastasis from colorectal cancer (CRLM).

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